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Bone Marrow Transplant. 2007 Mar;39(6):317-29. Epub 2007 Feb 5.

Mobilization, harvesting and selection of peripheral blood stem cells in patients with autoimmune diseases undergoing autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

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  • 1Division of Immunotherapy, Department of Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL 60611, USA.

Abstract

Peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) were mobilized in 130 patients with autoimmune diseases undergoing autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation using cyclophosphamide 2 g/m(2) and either granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) 5 mcg/kg/day (for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and secondary progressive multiple sclerosis, SPMS) or G-CSF 10 mcg/kg/day (for relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS), Crohn's disease (CD), systemic sclerosis (SSc), and other immune-mediated disorders). Mobilization-related mortality was 0.8% (one of 130) secondary to infection. Circulating peripheral blood (PB) CD34(+) cells/microl differed significantly by disease. Collected CD34(+) cells/kg/apheresis and overall collection efficiency was significantly better using Spectra apheresis device compared to the Fenwall CS3000 instrument. Patients with SLE and RRMS achieved the lowest and the highest CD34(+) cell yields, respectively. Ex vivo CD34(+) cell selection employing Isolex 300iv2.5 apparatus was significantly more efficient compared to CEPRATE CS device. Circulating PB CD34(+) cells/microl correlated positively with initial CD34(+) cells/kg/apheresis and enriched product CD34(+) cells/kg. Mean WBC and platelet engraftment (ANC>0.5 x 10(9)/l and platelet count >20 x 10(9)/l) occurred on days 9 and 11, respectively. Infused CD34(+) cell/kg dose showed significant direct correlation with faster white blood cell (WBC) and platelet engraftment. When adjusted for CD34(+) cell/kg dose, patients treated with a myeloablative regimen had significantly slower WBC and platelet recovery compared to non-myeloablative regimens.

PMID:
17277794
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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