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Science. 2007 Feb 2;315(5812):646-9.

The DEAD-box RNA helicase Dbp5 functions in translation termination.

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  • 1Institut für Molekularbiologie und Tumorforschung der Philipps-Universität Marburg, Emil-Mannkopff-Strasse 2, 35037 Marburg, Germany.


In eukaryotes, termination of messenger RNA (mRNA) translation is mediated by the release factors eRF1 and eRF3. Using Saccharomyces cerevisiae as a model organism, we have identified a member of the DEAD-box protein (DBP) family, the DEAD-box RNA helicase and mRNA export factor Dbp5, as a player in translation termination. Dbp5 interacts genetically with both release factors and the polyadenlyate-binding protein Pab1. A physical interaction was specifically detected with eRF1. Moreover, we show that the helicase activity of Dbp5 is required for efficient stop-codon recognition, and intact Dbp5 is essential for recruitment of eRF3 into termination complexes. Therefore, Dbp5 controls the eRF3-eRF1 interaction and thus eRF3-mediated downstream events.

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