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Cytogenet Genome Res. 2007;116(1-2):146-51.

Distribution of sex chromosomes in dysgenetic gonads of mixed type.

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  • 1Institute of Human Genetics, Otto-von-Guericke-University Magdeburg, Magdeburg, Germany. albrecht.roepke@medizin.uni-magdeburg.de


In a four-week-old child with female external and internal genitalia but with clitoris hypertrophy chromosome analysis from blood lymphocytes revealed a 46,XY karyotype. No deletion of Y chromosomal sequences was detected by PCR analysis of genomic DNA isolated from peripheral blood leucocytes. Because of the increased risk for gonadal tumours, gonadectomy was performed. Conventional cytogenetic analysis of the left dysgenetic gonad revealed a gonosomal mosaicism with a 45,X cell line in 27 of 50 metaphases. The dysgenetic left gonad demonstrated a significantly higher proportion (P = 0.005) of cells carrying a Y chromosome (46.3%) than the streak gonad from the right side (33.9%). Histomorphological examination of the left gonad revealed immature testicular tissue and rete-like structures as well as irregular ovarian type areas with cystic follicular structures. Interphase FISH analysis of the different tissues of this dysgenetic gonad demonstrated variable proportions of cells with an X and a Y chromosome. Whereas Sertoli cells and rete-like structures revealed a significantly higher proportion of XY cells in relation to the whole section of the dysgenetic gonad (P < 0.0001), almost all granulose-like cells carried no Y chromosome. The proportion of XY/X cells in theca-like cells and Leydig cells was similar to that of the whole dysgenetic gonad. In contrast to these findings, spermatogonia exclusively contained an XY constellation.

Copyright 2007 S. Karger AG, Basel.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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