Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2007 Feb;81(2):270-83.

Appropriate phenotyping procedures for drug metabolizing enzymes and transporters in humans and their simultaneous use in the "cocktail" approach.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pharmacology, Clinical Pharmacology Unit, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany. uwe.fuhr@uk-koeln.de

Abstract

Phenotyping for drug metabolizing enzymes and transporters is used to assess quantitatively the effect of an intervention (e.g., drug therapy, diet) or a condition (e.g., genetic polymorphism, disease) on their activity. Appropriate selection of test drug and metric is essential to obtain results applicable for other substrates of the respective enzyme/transporter. The following phenotyping metrics are recommended based on the level of validation and on practicability: CYP1A2, paraxanthine/caffeine in plasma 6 h after 150 mg caffeine; CYP2C9, tolbutamide plasma concentration 24 h after 125 mg tolbutamide; CYP2C19, urinary excretion of 4'-OH-mephenytoin 0-12 h after 50 mg mephenytoin; CYP2D6, urinary molar ratio debrisoquine/4-OH-debrisoquine 0-8 h after 10 mg debrisoquine; and CYP3A4, plasma clearance of midazolam after 2 mg midazolam (all drugs given orally).

PMID:
17259951
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk