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J Nanosci Nanotechnol. 2006 Nov;6(11):3547-50.

Nanoparticle embedded p-type electrodes for GaN-based flip-chip light emitting diodes.

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  • 1Department of Materials Science and Metallurgical Engineering, Sunchon National University, Chonnam 540-742, Korea.


We have investigated high-quality ohmic contacts for flip-chip light emitting diodes using Zn-Ni nanoparticles/Ag schemes. The Zn-Ni nanoparticles/Ag contacts produce specific contact resistances of 10(-5)-10(-6) omegacm2 when annealed at temperatures of 330-530 degrees C for 1 min in air ambient, which are much better than those obtained from the Ag contacts. It is shown that blue InGaN/GaN multi-quantum well light emitting diodes fabricated with the annealed Zn-Ni nanoparticles/Ag contacts give much lower forward-bias voltages at 20 mA compared with those of the multi-quantum well light emitting diodes made with the as-deposited Ag contacts. It is further presented that the multi-quantum well light emitting diodes made with the Zn-Ni nanoparticles/Ag contacts show similar output power compared to those fabricated with the Ag contact layers.

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