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Genetics. 1985 Feb;109(2):441-57.

Extranuclear differentiation and gene flow in the finite island model.

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  • 1Department of Zoology, NJ-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195.


Use of sequence information from extranuclear genomes to examine deme structure in natural populations has been hampered by lack of clear linkage between sequence relatedness and rates of mutation and migration among demes. Here, we approach this problem in two complementary ways. First, we develop a model of extranuclear genomes in a population divided into a finite number of demes. Sex-dependent migration, neutral mutation, unequal genetic contribution of separate sexes and random genetic drift in each deme are incorporated for generality. From this model, we derive the relationship between gene identity probabilities (between and within demes) and migration rate, mutation rate and effective deme size. Second, we show how within- and between-deme identity probabilities may be calculated from restriction maps of mitochondrial (mt) DNA. These results, when coupled with our results on gene flow and genetic differentiation, allow estimation of relative interdeme gene flow when deme sizes are constant and genetic variants are selectively neutral. We illustrate use of our results by reanalyzing published data on mtDNA in mouse populations from around the world and show that their geographic differentiation is consistent with an island model of deme structure.

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