Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Cell Cycle. 2007 Jan 1;6(1):60-4. Epub 2007 Jan 6.

Cysteine cathepsins and the cutting edge of cancer invasion.

Author information

  • 1Cancer Biology and Genetics Program, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York 10021, USA.

Abstract

Cysteine cathepsins are a family of lysosomal proteases that are often upregulated in various human cancers, and have been implicated in distinct tumorigenic processes such as angiogenesis, proliferation, apoptosis and invasion. During cancer progression, cathepsins are often translocated to the cell surface of tumor cells or are secreted into the extracellular milieu, where they can promote tumor invasion through several possible mechanisms. First, they can directly cleave components of the extracellular matrix and basement membrane, essentially clearing a path for the migration of tumor cells away from the primary tumor mass. Second, at the cell membrane, cathepsins can direct a proteolytic cascade in which they activate other proteases such as matrix metalloproteinases and urokinase plasminogen activator, which in turn promote invasion. Finally, cleavage of the cell adhesion protein, E-cadherin, at the cell surface can disrupt adherens junctions and thus facilitate cancer cell migration and invasion. Therefore, cathepsins are now emerging as major players in tumor progression, making them potential drug targets for a wide range of human cancers.

PMID:
17245112
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk