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J Travel Med. 2007 Jan-Feb;14(1):9-15.

Rapid and sustained immune response against hepatitis A and B achieved with combined vaccine using an accelerated administration schedule.

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  • 1Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, The Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, NY, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Combined hepatitis A and B vaccine administered on an accelerated schedule provides a rapid immune response against both hepatitis A and B viruses, which might be especially relevant for individuals who need protection quickly.

METHODS:

A prospective, open-label, randomized study to compare the immunogenicity and reactogenicity of the combined hepatitis A and B vaccine Twinrix (GlaxoSmithKline Biologicals, Rixensart, Belgium) (>or=720 EL.U/mL inactivated hepatitis A antigen and 20 microg/mL recombinant hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg]) administered at 0, 7, 21 to 30 days, and 12 months compared with concurrent administration of Havrix [GlaxoSmithKline Biologicals, Rixensart, Belgium (>or=1440 EL.U/mL inactivated hepatitis A antigen)] at 0 and 12 months, and Engerix-B [GlaxoSmithKline Biologicals, Rixensart, Belgium (20 microg/mL recombinant HBsAg)] at 0, 1, 2, and 12 months in seronegative healthy adults.

RESULTS:

At month 13, the anti-hepatitis B seroprotection rates (>10 mIU/mL) for the combined vaccine compared to the monovalent hepatitis B vaccine were 96.4% (95% CI: 92.7-98.5) and 93.4% (95% CI: 89.0-96.4), respectively. The anti-hepatitis A seroconversion rates were 100% in both groups (95% CI: 98.1-100). At day 37, the anti-hepatitis A seroconversion rates were similar in both groups (98.5% for combined vaccine, 98.6% for the monovalent vaccine group), but the combined vaccine resulted in a statistically significantly ( p < 0.001) better anti-hepatitis B seroprotection compared to monovalent hepatitis B vaccine, 63.2% versus 43.5%, respectively. The reactogenicity profile was similar in both study groups.

CONCLUSIONS:

The combined hepatitis A and B vaccine administered on an accelerated schedule was at least as immunogenic and as well tolerated as the corresponding monovalent vaccines.

PMID:
17241248
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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