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Rinsho Ketsueki. 2006 Dec;47(12):1528-32.

[Rituximab provided long-term remission in a patient with severe thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura refractory to plasma exchange].

[Article in Japanese]

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  • 1Department of Hematology, Seichokai Fuchu Hospital.


We report a patient with severe thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) refractory to plasmapheresis who was successfully treated with rituximab. A 57-year-old male patient was referred to our department for further differential diagnosis and treatment of anemia and severe thrombocytopenia. Progressive psychoneurotic symptoms, hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, renal function insufficiency and fever led us to the diagnosis of TTP. ADAMTS13 activity was below 3% and an inhibitor for ADAMTS13 was detected. Treatment with plasmapheresis and high-dose steroid was initiated but without clinical benefit. Two weeks following the initiation of plasmapheresis, we decided to treat the patient with 7 cycles of rituximab. No severe rituximab-related adverse effects were observed. After treatment with rituximab, the disease remitted, and the ADAMTS13 activity level increased. The patient has remained in complete remission for more than 1 year. Our data suggest that rituximab may be the optimal immunosuppressive therapy for refractory thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura caused by an anti-ADAMTS 13 inhibitor.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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