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Gene. 2007 Apr 15;391(1-2):39-44. Epub 2006 Dec 8.

Expression profile analysis of microRNA (miRNA) in mouse central nervous system using a new miRNA detection system that examines hybridization signals at every step of washing.

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  • 1National Institute of Neuroscience, NCNP, 4-1-1 Ogawahigashi, Kodaira, Tokyo 187-8502, Japan. hohjohh@ncnp.go.jp


MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small noncoding RNAs, with a length of 19 to 23 nucleotides, which appear to be involved in the regulation of gene expression by inhibiting the translation of messenger RNA. Expression profile analysis of miRNAs is necessary to understand their complex role in the regulation of gene expression during the development and differentiation of cells and in various tissues. We describe here a detection system for miRNA expression profiles, using a new type of DNA chip and fluorescent labeled cellular RNAs, which allows real-time detection of hybridization signals at every step of washing and results in highly reproducible miRNA expression profiles. Using the system, we investigated the expression profiles of miRNA in the mouse central nervous system (CNS), namely the spinal cord, medulla oblongata, pons, cerebellum, midbrain, diencephalons, and cerebral hemispheres. The results indicated that although the CNS subregions expressed similar miRNA genes, the expression levels of the miRNAs varied among the subregions, suggesting that the CNS subregions specialized for different functions possess different expression profiles of miRNAs.

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