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Gynecol Oncol. 2007 Apr;105(1):157-65. Epub 2007 Jan 16.

Macrophages, inflammation and risk of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) progression--clinicopathological correlation.

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  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hospital de Clinicas de Porto Alegre, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil. hammes@cpovo.net

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the population of macrophages during the cervical malignant transformation and its influence in CIN outcome.

METHODS:

Biopsies from 26 normal cervix, 28 low-grade (LSIL), 30 high grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSIL) and 28 squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) were stained by H&E to assess inflammation and by immunohistochemistry with anti-CD68 to detect macrophages. The macrophage count was corrected for the epithelial and stromal compartments using appropriate software. Clinical and prospective follow-up data were also available.

RESULTS:

We identified that macrophage count increased linearly with disease progression (median count per case at x200 magnification: normal, 5.1; LSIL, 5.5; HSIL, 9.9; SCC, 14.5; P<0.001), that inflammation also increased (moderate-intense inflammation present in 25%, 46.1%, 58.4% and 89.3% of normal, LSIL, HSIL and SCC, respectively; P<0.001) and that macrophage count was independently associated with the lesion grade (P<0.001). Moreover, macrophages showed an increasing migration into the epithelium along with the progression of CIN to invasive cancer. Of the 24 LSIL cases with information available, followed-up for 805+/-140 days, 16 regressed, 6 persisted and 2 progressed. Age, high-risk HPV or inflammation were not risk factors for persistent/progressed LSIL in our cohort. However, LSIL that persisted or progressed showed a higher macrophage count (median of 10.8) than lesions that regressed (7; P=0.031).

CONCLUSIONS:

The study on macrophages offers a potential approach for cervical cancer treatment, since macrophages are closely related to progression of CIN, and can be used as an applicable marker of such a risk.

PMID:
17229459
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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