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Science. 1991 Dec 20;254(5039):1808-10.

Reverse transcriptase encoded by a human transposable element.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205.


L1 elements are highly repeated mammalian DNA sequences whose structure suggests dispersal by retrotransposition. A consensus L1 element encodes a protein with sequence similarity to known reverse transcriptases. The second open reading frame from the human L1 element L1.2A was expressed as a fusion protein targeted to Ty1 virus-like particles in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and shown to have reverse transcriptase activity. This activity was eliminated by a missense mutation in the highly conserved amino acid motif Y/F-X-D-D. Thus, L1 represents a potential source of the reverse transcriptase activity necessary for dispersion of the many classes of mammalian retroelements.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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