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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1991 Dec 15;88(24):11086-90.

Response to erythropoietin in erythroid subclones of the factor-dependent cell line 32D is determined by translocation of the erythropoietin receptor to the cell surface.

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  • 1Laboratory of Hematopoietic Growth Factors, New York Blood Center, NY 10021.


Regulation of the expression of the erythropoietin (Epo) receptor (EpoR) gene is under the control of transcriptional regulatory factor GATA-1. GATA-1 is expressed widely among the nonerythroid, factor-dependent subclones of the interleukin 3-dependent mouse cell line 32D. Consequently, to determine whether GATA-1 and EpoR gene expression are linked even in nonerythroid cells, we have studied the correlation of GATA-1 expression with expression and function of EpoR in these cell lines. EpoR mRNA (by RNase protection analysis) and EpoR protein (by specific antibody immunoprecipitation of metabolically labeled EpoR protein) were detectable not only in 32D and 32D Epo (an Epo-dependent subclone) but also in 32D GM, a subclone dependent for growth on granulocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factor. EpoR mRNA also was detectable by PCR in 32D G, a subclone dependent for growth on granulocyte colony-stimulating factor. However, only 32D Epo cells bound 125I-labeled Epo and expressed EpoR protein on the cell surface, as determined by immunoprecipitation of surface-labeled proteins. These results indicate that, in these factor-dependent cell lines, the major regulatory step determining the erythroid-specific response to Epo is the efficiency of EpoR protein translocation to the cell surface. Mechanisms that could affect lineage-specific translocation are the presence of a chaperone protein, erythroid-specific editing of EpoR mRNA, or altered processing of the EpoR protein to the cell surface. In this model, lineage-restricted responses to growth factors such as Epo are determined not by expression of the genes for growth factor receptors but, rather, by appropriate processing of the receptor protein.

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