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J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2007 Mar;42(3):526-39. Epub 2007 Jan 11.

NMR and cDNA array analysis prior to heart failure reveals an increase of unsaturated lipids, a glutamine/glutamate ratio decrease and a specific transcriptome adaptation in obese rat heart.

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  • 1Unite de recherches sur les obesités, INSERM UPS U586, Institut Louis-Bugnard, Université Paul-Sabatier, CHU Rangueil, BP 84225, 31432 Toulouse cedex 4, France.


Obesity is a risk factor for heart failure through a set of hemodynamic and hormonal adaptations, but its contribution at the molecular level is not clearly known. Therefore, we investigated the kinetic cardiac transcriptome and metabolome in the Spontaneous Hypertensive Heart Failure (SHHF) rat. The SHHF rat is devoid of leptin signaling when homozygous for a mutation of the leptin receptor (ObR) gene. The ObR-/- SHHF rat is obese at 4 months of age and prone to heart failure after 14 months whereas its lean counterpart ObR-/+ is prone to heart failure after 16 months. We used a set of rat pangenomic high-density macroarrays to monitor left ventricle cardiac transcriptome regulation in 4- and 10-month-old, lean and obese animals. Comparative analysis of left ventricle of 4- and 10-month-old lean rat revealed 222 differentially expressed genes while 4- and 10-month-old obese rats showed 293 differentially expressed genes. (1)H NMR analysis of the metabolome of left ventricular extracts displayed a global decrease of metabolites, except for taurine, and lipid concentration. This may be attributed to gene expression regulation and likely increased extracellular mass. The glutamine to glutamate ratio was significantly lower in the obese group. The relative unsaturation of lipids increased in the obese heart; in particular, omega-3 lipid concentration was higher in the 10-month-old obese heart. Overall, several specific kinetic molecular patterns act as a prelude to heart failure in the leptin signaling deficient SHHF obese rat.

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