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Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2007 Jan 28;9(4):533-40. Epub 2006 Dec 14.

Comparison of the reactivity of different Pd-O species in CO oxidation.

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  • 1Institut für Physikalische Chemie, Universität Innsbruck, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria.

Abstract

The reactivity of several Pd-O species toward CO oxidation was compared experimentally, making use of chemically, structurally and morphologically different model systems such as single-crystalline Pd(111) covered by adsorbed oxygen or a Pd(5)O(4) surface oxide layer, an oriented Pd(111) thin film on NiAl oxidized toward PdO(x) suboxide and silica-supported uniform Pd nanoparticles oxidized to PdO. The oxygen reactivity decreased with increasing oxidation state: O(ad) on metallic Pd(111) exhibited the highest reactivity and could be reduced within a few minutes already at 223 K, using low CO beam fluxes around 0.02 ML s(-1). The Pd(5)O(4) surface oxide on Pd(111) could be reacted by CO at a comparable rate above 330 K using the same low CO beam flux. The more deeply oxidized Pd(111) thin film supported on NiAl was already much less reactive, and reduction in 10(-6) mbar CO at T > 500 K led only to partial reduction toward PdO(x) suboxide, and the metallic state of Pd could not be re-established under these conditions. The fully oxidized PdO nanoparticles required even rougher reaction conditions such as 10 mbar CO for 15 min at 523 K in order to re-establish the metallic state. As a general explanation for the observed activity trends we propose kinetic long-range transport limitations for the formation of an extended, crystalline metal phase. These mass-transport limitations are not involved in the reduction of O(ad), and less demanding in case of the 2-D Pd(5)O(4) surface oxide conversion back to metallic Pd(111). They presumably become rate-limiting in the complex separation process from an extended 3-D bulk oxide state toward a well ordered 3-D metallic phase.

PMID:
17216069
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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