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Biochem Cell Biol. 2006 Dec;84(6):993-1005.

Partitioning of myelin basic protein into membrane microdomains in a spontaneously demyelinating mouse model for multiple sclerosis.

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  • 1Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, University of Guelph, 50 Stone Road East, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada.

Abstract

We have characterized the lipid rafts in myelin from a spontaneously demyelinating mouse line (ND4), and from control mice (CD1 background), as a function of age and severity of disease. Myelin was isolated from the brains of CD1 and ND4 mice at various ages, and cold lysed with 1.5% CHAPS (3-[(3-cholamidopropyl) dimethylammonio]-1-propanesulphonate). The lysate was separated by low-speed centrifugation into supernatant and pellet fractions, which were characterized by Western blotting for myelin basic protein (MBP) isoforms and their post-translationally modified variants. We found that, with maturation and with disease progression, there was a specific redistribution of the 14-21.5 kDa MBP isoforms (classic exon-II-containing vs exon-II-lacking) and phosphorylated forms into the supernatant and pellet. Further fractionation of the supernatant to yield detergent-resistant membranes (DRMs), representing coalesced lipid rafts, showed these to be highly enriched in exon-II-lacking MBP isoforms, and deficient in methylated MBP variants, in mice of both genotypes. The DRMs from the ND4 mice appeared to be enriched in MBP phosphorylated by MAP kinase at Thr95 (murine 18.5 kDa numbering). These studies indicate that different splice isoforms and post-translationally modified charge variants of MBP are targeted to different microdomains in the myelin membrane, implying multifunctionality of this protein family in myelin maintenance.

PMID:
17215885
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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