Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Hypertens. 2007 Feb;25(2):449-54.

Adenosine A1 receptor expression during the transition from compensated pressure overload hypertrophy to heart failure.

Author information

  • 1Centro Interuniversitario Fisiologia Clinica e Ipertensione, Universit√† di Milano, Milano-Bicocca e Pavia, Pavia, Italy.



Myocardial adenosine is increased in pressure-overload hypertrophy (POH) and exerts important cardioprotective effects that delay transition to left ventricular failure. Adenosine-mediated signaling is attenuated in POH, but whether this depends on receptor or postreceptor defects is unknown. We therefore examined left ventricular adenosine A1-receptor gene and protein expression in experimental POH.


Six week-old Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to abdominal aortic banding (group B) or sham operation (group S). Echocardiography and left ventricular catheterization were performed 10 weeks later under ketamine anesthesia. Left ventricular and lung weight indices were obtained postmortem. A1-Receptor mRNA and protein expression were measured in samples from left ventricular, right ventricular and aortic arch tissue. Group B rats were subgrouped as having compensated or decompensated hypertrophy according to the absence or presence of lung congestion (lung weight index below or above mean +/- 2SD compared with group S rats).


Both mRNA and protein A1-receptor expression were significantly increased in compensated group B versus group S rats (by, respectively, 37 and 77%; both P < 0.01). This was not observed in decompensated group B rats. No consistent gene or receptor expression changes were observed in right ventricular or aortic tissues.


In compensated POH, increased interstitial adenosine concentrations are accompanied by increased expression of the specific receptor mediating the major cardioprotective effects of this autacoid. Such overexpression is no longer detectable once the transition from POH to left ventricular failure has occurred. These observations may have pathophysiological and, in perspective, therapeutic relevance to the course of hypertensive heart disease.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk