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Taehan Kanho Hakhoe Chi. 2006 Dec;36(7):1253-64.

[A conversation analysis of communication between patients with dementia and their professional nurses].

[Article in Korean]

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  • 1College of Nursing, Seoul National University, Jongno-gu, Seoul, Korea. donam@snu.ac.kr



The purpose of this study was to understand conversations and to identify typical conversational problems between nurses and patients with dementia.


A conversation analysis method was used. The data was collected in a geriatric institutional setting, using a videotape recorder, and transcribed. The transcribed data was analyzed in terms of expressions, contents, and relationships to identify communicative problems and their resolutions.


Among a total of 532 episodes, 440(82.7%) were identified as nurse-involved episodes. In addition, 66 of the 440 episodes were selected based on the significance of the conversation. The communicative problems between nurses and patients in terms of expressions were identified as "directive and authoritative expressions", "emotional and competitive expressions", "evasive and on-looking expressions", and "excessive use of title only", such as calling them granny or grandpa without proper names. In terms of content and relationships, "lack of themes in psychosocial areas" and "nurse-led relations" were identified respectively as communicative problems.


The results of this study will provide substantial guidelines for nurses in caring for elderly patients with dementia by deeply understanding linguistic structures and problems of everyday conversations between nurses and patients with dementia.

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