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Biol Psychiatry. 2007 Aug 15;62(4):327-31. Epub 2007 Jan 8.

Novel 5-HTTLPR allele associates with higher serotonin transporter binding in putamen: a [(11)C] DASB positron emission tomography study.

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  • 1Vivian M Rakoff Positron Emission Tomography Imaging Centre, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The serotonin transporter (5-HTT)-linked polymorphic region (5-HTTLPR) has two frequent alleles, designated long (L), and short (S). The S allele is associated with lower levels of 5-HTT mRNA and lower 5-HTT expression in human cell lines. A functional single nucleotide variant was detected within L, designated L(A) and L(G). Only L(A) is associated with high levels of in vitro 5-HTT expression, whereas L(G) is low expressing and more similar to S. We examined the possible influence of the long (A/G) variant on 5-HTT density in the living human brain using 3-(11)C-amino-4-(2-dimethylaminomethylphenyl-sulfanyl) benzonitrile ([(11)C]DASB) positron emission tomography.

METHODS:

The 5-HTT binding potential (5-HTT BP), an index of 5-HTT density, was found in 43 healthy subjects genotyped for 5-HTTLPR long (A/G), and in an ethnically homogenous subsample of 30 Caucasian-Canadians.

RESULTS:

The L(A)/L(A) was associated with higher 5-HTT BP in putamen (p = .026, not corrected). This association became stronger in the Caucasian subsample (p = .004) and was significant even after correcting for multiple comparisons.

CONCLUSIONS:

The 5-HTTLPR long (A/G) polymorphism influences 5-HTT density leading to higher putamen 5-HTT BP in healthy L(A)/L(A) carriers of Caucasian ancestry. This finding extends the role of this polymorphism from in vitro reports of higher 5-HTT expression with the L(A)/L(A) genotype into in vivo brains of healthy human subjects.

PMID:
17210141
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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