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Blood. 1991 Dec 15;78(12):3291-7.

Biochemical studies on red blood cells from a patient with the Inab phenotype (decay-accelerating factor deficiency).

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  • 1International Blood Group Reference Laboratory, Bristol, UK.


A 38-year-old Russian woman (KZ) has been identified as the fourth proposita with the Inab blood group phenotype. Like the first two propositi, she has a chronic intestinal disorder and, as shown for the third proposita, her Inab phenotype is demonstrably inherited. KZ's serum contained anti-IFC, which reacted with a red blood cell (RBC) membrane component with an Mr of 70,000, which is decay accelerating factor (DAF). Her RBCs lacked all Cromer-related blood group antigens and DAF. Her RBCs were no more susceptible than normal control RBCs to lysis in acid lysis or in rabbit or human antibody-initiated complement lysis tests. Northern blots of total RNA isolated from KZ's Epstein-Barr virus-transformed lymphoblasts showed a marked reduction of DAF mRNA when compared with normal. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification of cDNA confirmed this reduced level of DAF mRNA. Sequencing of the PCR product showed a 44-nucleotide deletion in the mRNA close to the short consensus repeats IIIa/IIIb intron/exon boundary. This deletion results in a change in the reading frame that places a termination codon six amino acids after the deletion. The putative translation product would lack a glycosyl phosphatidyl-inositol linkage site and, therefore, would not be membrane-bound in the RBC.

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