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Clin Infect Dis. 2007 Feb 1;44(3):414-6. Epub 2006 Dec 27.

Fatal pneumonia among metalworkers due to inhalation exposure to Bacillus cereus Containing Bacillus anthracis toxin genes.

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  • 1Epidemic Intelligence Service, Atlanta, Georgia, USA. sbavashia@sbcglobal.net


Bacillus cereus pneumonia is unusual in nonimmunocompromised hosts. We describe fatal cases in 2 metalworkers and the associated investigation. Anthrax toxin genes were identified in B. cereus isolates from both patients using polymerase chain reaction. Finding anthrax toxin genes in non-Bacillus anthracis isolates has, to our knowledge, only been reported once previously.

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