Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2007 Jan;44(1):20-6.

Activated mucosal mast cells differentiate eosinophilic (allergic) esophagitis from gastroesophageal reflux disease.

Author information

  • 1Division of Pathology, Department of Pediatric Laboratory Medicine, The Hospital for Sick Children and University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. rkirsch@mtsinai.on.ca

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To evaluate the utility of activated mucosal mast cells (MC) in the differential diagnosis of eosinophilic esophagitis (EE) and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).

METHODS:

Intraepithelial eosinophils and MC were quantified in esophageal biopsies from 25 children with EE, 22 children with GERD and 22 controls. MCs were identified by immunohistochemistry for MC tryptase, whereas MC activation status was evaluated by immunohistochemistry for immunoglobulin E (IgE) and by electron microscopy.

RESULTS:

Esophageal biopsies from patients with EE showed higher intraepithelial eosinophil counts (55 +/- 27.5 vs 6.9 +/- 9.7, P < 0.0001) and MC counts (26.3 +/- 12.7 vs 7.8 +/- 8.9, P < 0.0001) than those from patients with GERD. Almost all EE biopsies (24 of 25 patients; 96%) contained IgE-bearing cells compared with 9 of 22 (41%) GERD biopsies (P < 0.001). GERD biopsies with intraepithelial eosinophil counts >7/high-power field (suggesting an allergic component) contained IgE-bearing cells in 6 of 7 (86%) cases compared to 3 of 15 (20%) cases with eosinophil counts <7/h.p.f (P < 0.01). No intraepithelial eosinophils, MC or IgE-positive cells were present in controls. Electron microscopy confirmed the presence of intraepithelial MC and changes in cytoplasmic granules indicative of MC and eosinophil activation.

CONCLUSIONS:

Intraepithelial MC counts and IgE-bearing cells may help to differentiate EE and GERD and to define a subset of GERD patients in which an allergic component is present. The findings support a role for a MC-mediated hypersensitivity reaction in the pathogenesis of EE.

PMID:
17204948
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk