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Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2007 Apr;292(4):G1055-61. Epub 2007 Jan 4.

IL-1beta modulation of H,K-ATPase alpha-subunit gene transcription in Helicobacter pylori infection.

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  • 1Department of medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, 96 Jonathan Lucas St., Charleston, SC 29425, USA.


Helicobacter pylori infection of the human gastric body induces hypochlorhydria by perturbing acid secretion. H. pylori inhibits parietal cell H,K-ATPase alpha-subunit (HKalpha) gene and protein expression, providing a mechanistic basis for clinical hypochlorhydria. Given that H. pylori infection increases gastric mucosal IL-1beta, an acid secretory inhibitor, we investigated the role of IL-1beta in H. pylori-mediated inhibition of HKalpha transcription. Human gastric adenocarcinoma (AGS) cells were transfected with promoter-reporter constructs containing human HKalpha 5'-flanking sequence deletions. IL-1beta (10 ng/ml) had no effect on the transcriptional activity of six progressively shorter deletion constructs of the HKalpha promoter (HKalpha2179-HKalpha340) and significantly stimulated the activity of HKalpha206, HKalpha177, HKalpha165, and HKalpha102 deletion constructs (80%, 100%, 46%, and 35%, respectively). H. pylori inhibited the transcriptional activity of HKalpha2179, HKalpha206, HKalpha177, and HKalpha165; IL-1beta relieved the H. pylori inhibition of HKalpha2179 and HKalpha206 activity but not HKalpha177 and HKalpha165 activity. AGS cell pretreatment with a MEK1/2 inhibitor prevented the IL-1beta-mediated stimulation, but p38 and JNK pathway inhibitors did not. IL-1beta mRNA levels in AGS cells were low and unaffected by H. pylori, and ELISAs of H. pylori-conditioned AGS culture media showed no measurable IL-1beta secretion. These data indicate that an IL-1beta-dependent cis-response element lies downstream of -206 nt in the HKalpha promoter and that IL-1beta-mediated upregulation of HKalpha transcription is affected by an ERK1/2 kinase signal pathway. We conclude that an IL-1beta-responsive HKalpha cis element positively regulates HKalpha gene transcription in shortened deletion constructs and that H. pylori-induced inhibition of HKalpha transcription is not mediated by IL-1beta.

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