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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1991 Nov 14;180(3):1490-7.

Highly conserved eight amino acid sequence in SH2 is important for recognition of phosphotyrosine site.

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  • 1Department of Biosignal Research, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology, Japan.

Abstract

Src homology region 2(SH2) has been demonstrated to recognize phosphotyrosine site. To clarify the precise mechanism of the recognition, we developed in vitro binding assay system using EGF receptor and SH2/SH3 region of phospholipase C(PLC) gamma 1. Phosphorylated EGF receptor bound to immobilized SH2/SH3 of PLC gamma 1 in Sepharose beads, while nonphosphorylated EGF receptor did not bind. In SH2 domain of PLC gamma 1, there are several highly conserved amino acid sequences that are common in a variety of SH2-containing proteins. Especially the eight amino acid sequence, G(S/T)FLVR(E/D)S is highly conserved in these proteins. We synthesized several peptides related to these sequences and examined the effect of peptides on the binding of EGF receptor to SH2 of PLC gamma 1. P1, GSFLVRES was the most effective inhibitor to suppress the binding. P2, GSFLVAES in which one amino acid, arginine of P1 is substituted by alanine is still effective. But a peptide, P3, SFLVRE in which two amino acids are deleted from P1 did not inhibit markedly. Moreover, P1 peptide immobilized in Sepharose beads also bound phosphorylated EGF receptor. These data suggest that highly conserved amino acid sequence GSFLVRES is the minimum essential unit to recognize tyrosine phosphorylated site.

PMID:
1719984
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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