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Ophthalmology. 2007 Jan;114(1):99-103.

Population-based study of early age-related macular degeneration: role of the complement factor H Y402H polymorphism in bilateral but not unilateral disease.

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  • 1Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90033, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Recently, a strong association has been observed for the complement factor H (CFH) Tyr402His polymorphism with early and advanced age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in independent non-Hispanic White, clinic-based, case-control studies. These studies suggest the CFH His402 allele is a major risk allele in early and advanced AMD, explaining 43% to 70% of all AMD in older adults. We utilized a population-based case-control study design of early AMD among Latinos/Hispanics to evaluate the CFH Tyr402His polymorphism for an association with early AMD phenotypes.

DESIGN:

Retrospective population-based case-control study.

PARTICIPANTS:

This study cohort consists of 285 early AMD cases and 570 controls matched on age, birthplace, and smoking status.

METHODS:

Genotype determination was performed by allele-specific digestion of polymerase chain reaction products.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Complement factor H Tyr402His polymorphism.

RESULTS:

We observed no overall statistically significant association with early AMD among Latinos. However, a subset of early AMD cases that have bilateral, not unilateral, intermediate-to-large soft macular drusen were 1.7 times more likely to carry either the homozygous or heterozygous His402 genotype.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our data suggest that the CFH Tyr402His is not a major risk factor for overall early AMD in this Latino population, but may play a role in susceptibility to phenotypes of early AMD likely to progress to late AMD.

PMID:
17198853
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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