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EMBO J. 2007 Jan 24;26(2):436-47. Epub 2006 Dec 21.

COMMD1 promotes the ubiquitination of NF-kappaB subunits through a cullin-containing ubiquitin ligase.

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  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Abstract

NF-kappaB is a pleiotropic transcription factor involved in multiple processes, including inflammation and oncogenesis. We have previously reported that COMMD1 represses kappaB-dependent transcription by negatively regulating NF-kappaB-chromatin interactions. Recently, ubiquitination of NF-kappaB subunits has been similarly implicated in the control of NF-kappaB recruitment to chromatin. We report here that COMMD1 accelerates the ubiquitination and degradation of NF-kappaB subunits through its interaction with a multimeric ubiquitin ligase containing Elongins B and C, Cul2 and SOCS1 (ECS(SOCS1)). COMMD1-deficient cells demonstrate stabilization of RelA, greater nuclear accumulation of RelA after TNF stimulation, de-repression of several kappaB-responsive genes, and enhanced NF-kappaB-mediated cellular responses. COMMD1 binds to Cul2 in a stimulus-dependent manner and serves to facilitate substrate binding to the ligase by stabilizing the interaction between SOCS1 and RelA. Our data uncover that ubiquitination and degradation of NF-kappaB subunits by this COMMD1-containing ubiquitin ligase is a novel and critical mechanism of regulation of NF-kappaB-mediated transcription.

PMID:
17183367
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1783443
Free PMC Article
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