Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Pharm Res. 2007 Feb;24(2):361-9. Epub 2006 Dec 20.

Influence of realistic inspiratory flow profiles on fine particle fractions of dry powder aerosol formulations.

Author information

  • 1Pharmaceutical Science Research Division, King's College London, Franklin-Wilkins Building, 150 Stamford Street, London SE1 9NH, UK. gary.martin@kcl.ac.uk

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The purpose of the study was to determine how air flow profiles affect fine particle fractions (FPF) (<5 microm) from dry powder aerosol formulations and whether laser diffraction (LD) could be used to measure FPF of aerosols generated by variable flows.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Carrier-based formulations containing 1.5% w/w micronized salbutamol base blended with the 63-90 microm fraction of alpha-lactose monohydrate or sorbitol or maltose were aerosolised from a model glass device using either a constant flow rate or a predetermined flow profile. The FPFs of the same aerosolised particles were first measured by LD and then by a liquid impinger. Volunteer inhalation airflow profiles and 3-phase (acceleration, constant flow rate and deceleration) square wave airflow profiles were generated using the Electronic Lung and an Inhalation Profile Recorder. Similar experiments were conducted for a carrier-free formulation from the Bricanyl Turbohaler.

RESULTS:

Salbutamol FPFs of all carrier-based formulations were found to increase by increasing the initial flow increase rate (FIR) from 200 to 600 l min(-1) s(-1) although they could be placed in an increasing order of maltose blend < sorbitol blend < lactose blend. A significant linear correlation was found between FPFs measured by LD and by inertial impaction (R (2) = 0.95, p < 0.01, ANOVA). For the Bricanyl Turbohaler, increasing FIR from 120 to 600 l min(-1) s(-1) for a constant peak flow rate (PFR) of 60 l min(-1) increased the mean Terbutaline FPF from 18.2% to 45.5%. For the volunteer inhalation profiles, a higher FIR tended to be associated with higher PFR, leading to a marked increase in drug FPF due to the combined effect of FIR and PFR.

CONCLUSION:

Drug FPF from either carrier-free or carrier-based formulations is determined by both FIR and PFR. LD is a viable technique to measure the performance of dry powder aerosol formulations at realistic inspiratory flow profiles.

PMID:
17177114
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Springer
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk