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Gynecol Oncol. 2007 Apr;105(1):113-21. Epub 2006 Dec 14.

Treatment of ovarian cancer with a novel dual targeted conditionally replicative adenovirus (CRAd).

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  • 1Division of Gynecologic Oncology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA.



Current virotherapy strategies for ovarian cancer have been hampered by limitations in target cell infectivity and nonspecific tissue replication. In an effort to circumvent these limitations, we evaluated various CRAds modified to incorporate novel capsid targeting motifs (RGD and chimeric Ad5/3) with a novel tissue-specific promoter (CXCR4).


Two novel CRAds (Ad5-CXCR4-F5/3 and Ad5-CXCR4-RGD) were constructed via homologous recombination and verified by PCR and DNA sequencing. The infectivity and viral replication rates of these two CRAds were analyzed via quantitative real-time PCR (QRT-PCR) in cell line experiments using three ovarian cancer cell lines (SKOV3.ip1, Hey, and OV4) and compared to that achieved with a clinical grade CRAd (delta24-RGD) to be evaluated in a Phase I trial. Cytocidal effects were determined by crystal violet staining in these same cell lines infected with different concentrations of viral particles per cell (0, 0.1, 1, 10, 100, and 500). Additionally, viral replication was evaluated by QRT-PCR in primary ovarian cancer tissue slices from multiple patients with ovarian cancer as well as in primary human normal liver tissue slices in order to establish CRAd selectivity. All experiments incorporated appropriate controls and repeated in triplicate.


Compared to RGD-capsid CRAds (delta24-RGD and CXCR4-RGD), the F5/3-capsid CRAd (CXCR4-F5/3) demonstrated significant improvements in infection rates (p=0.025, 0.006, and 0.006) in all ovarian cancer cell lines tested (SKOV3.ip1, Hey, and OV4, respectively). In addition to improved transduction of virus into the cells, the TSP CXCR4-based CRAds demonstrated improved viral replication. Specifically, CXCR4-F5/3 further enhanced viral replication 89-fold (p=0.009, 0.010, 0.003) in the same cancer cell lines. Furthermore, CXCR4-F5/3 showed a 4-log improvement in oncolytic potential over delta24-RGD. In the ex vivo primary ovarian tissue slices, CXCR4-F5/3 showed a 58-fold improvement in viral replication (p=0.005) compared to the clinical grade delta24-RGD. Both CXCR4-F5/3 and CXCR4-RGD demonstrated significant reduction of viral replication in normal liver slices (p=0.001).


These data suggest that a dual targeted approach is feasible for the combined enhancement of infectivity and replication in ovarian cancer with a specificity that was attenuated in normal liver tissues. In fact, CXCR4-F5/3 outperformed our best CRAd agent to date nearly 60-fold in our most stringent ex vivo model of primary ovarian cancer tissue slices and suggests that this novel agent could be useful for the treatment of ovarian cancer.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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