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J Biol Chem. 2007 Feb 16;282(7):4470-8. Epub 2006 Dec 17.

Multiple histone deacetylases and the CREB-binding protein regulate pre-mRNA 3'-end processing.

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  • 1Chemical Genetics Laboratory, Discovery Research Institute, RIKEN, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan.


Trichostatin A (TSA), a specific inhibitor of histone deacetylases (HDACs), induces acetylation of various non-histone proteins such as p53 and alpha-tubulin. We purified several acetylated proteins by the affinity to an anti-acetylated lysine (AcLys) antibody from cells treated with TSA and identified them by mass spectrometry. Here we report on acetylation of CFIm25, a component of mammalian cleavage factor Im (CF Im), and poly(A) polymerase (PAP), a polyadenylating enzyme for the pre-mRNA 3'-end. The residues acetylated in these proteins were mapped onto the regions required for interaction with each other. Whereas CBP acetylated these proteins, HDAC1, HDAC3, HDAC10, SIRT1, and SIRT2 were involved in in vivo deacetylation. Acetylation of the CFIm25 occurred depending on the cleavage factor complex formation. Importantly, the interaction between PAP and CF Im complex was decreased by acetylation. We also demonstrated that acetylation of PAP inhibited the nuclear localization of PAP by inhibiting the binding to the importin alpha/beta complex. These results suggest that CBP and HDACs regulate the 3'-end processing machinery and modulate the localization of PAP through the acetylation and deacetylation cycle.

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