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Blood. 2007 Apr 15;109(8):3308-15. Epub 2006 Dec 14.

TLR agonists induce regulatory dendritic cells to recruit Th1 cells via preferential IP-10 secretion and inhibit Th1 proliferation.

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  • 1Institute of Immunology and National Key Laboratory of Medical Immunology, Second Military Medical University, 800 Xiangyin Road, Shanghai 200433, People's Republic of China.


Dendritic cells (DCs) and chemokines are important mediators linking innate and adaptive immunity on activation by Toll-like receptor (TLR) agonists. We previously identified a kind of regulatory DC subset (diffDCs) that differentiated from mature DCs under splenic stroma and that inhibited T-cell proliferation. The responsiveness of such regulatory DCs to TLR agonists and their pattern of chemokine production remain to be determined. Here, we report that the regulatory DCs secrete a higher level of CXCR3 chemokine IFN-gamma-induced protein-10 (IP-10) than immature DCs (imDCs), and more IP-10 is produced after stimulation with TLR-2, -4, -3, and -9 ligands. Blockade of IFN-alpha/beta inhibits IP-10 production by TLR agonist-activated regulatory DCs. We show that the increased IRF-3 and IFN-beta-induced STAT1 activation are responsible for the autocrine IFN-beta-dependent preferential production of IP-10 by regulatory DCs. In addition, stimulation with recombinant mouse IFN-alpha/beta induces more IP-10 production in regulatory DCs than that in imDCs. Moreover, the regulatory DCs selectively recruit more Th1 cells through IP-10 and inhibit Th1 proliferation. Our results demonstrate a new manner for regulatory DCs to down-regulate T-cell response by preferential IP-10 production and inhibition of recruited Th1 cell proliferation.

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