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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006 Dec 26;103(52):19848-53. Epub 2006 Dec 13.

Identification of alterations in DNA copy number in host stromal cells during tumor progression.

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  • 1Lewis-Sigler Institute for Integrative Genomics, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA. rpelham@princeton.edu


The interactions between cancer cells and the surrounding host stromal tissue play a critical role in tumor progression and metastasis, but the molecular nature of this relationship remains largely uncharacterized. Furthermore, although genetic changes of neoplastic cells in tumors contribute significantly to tumor progression, it is not known whether similar changes occur in the adjacent host stromal microenvironment and whether they contribute to or inhibit tumorigenesis. To address this question in an unbiased and genome-wide manner, we applied high-resolution DNA copy number analysis to murine stromal DNA isolated from human xenograft tumors that were formed in immunodeficient mice. We show that numerous amplifications and deletions are found within the host stromal microenvironment, suggesting that alterations in host DNA copy number can occur and may play a significant role in modifying tumor-stromal interactions.

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