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Percept Mot Skills. 2006 Oct;103(2):363-74.

Examining the relationship between recreational sport participation and intrinsic and extrinsic motivation and amotivation.

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  • 1Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, Sport Psychology Laboratory, Thessaloniki 54124, Greece.


This study aimed at investigating the effect of motivational dimensions proposed by Pelletier, et al. in 1995, both on sport participation levels and on intention for continuing participation among adult recreational sport participants. Two hundred and fifty-seven adult individuals, who reported participation in some type of sport and physical activity, completed the Sport Motivation Scale and a scale measuring intention. The study provided evidence to suggest that increased motivation leads to increased participation. Amotivation significantly decreased from the least to the most frequent participant groups, while both extrinsic and intrinsic motivation followed the reverse pattern. The results also indicated that increased intrinsic motivation to gain knowledge and accomplishment and extrinsic motivation (introjected regulation) are positively correlated with individuals' intentions to continue participation, while amotivation is negatively related. These results provide limited support for the self-determination theory. Implications for sport participation promotion are discussed.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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