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Dig Surg. 2006;23(5-6):304-12. Epub 2006 Dec 11.

Postcholecystectomy benign biliary strictures - long-term results.

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  • 1Department of Surgical Gastroenterology, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, India. sadiqsss@rediffmail.com



Cholecystectomy is the most frequently performed general surgical procedure. Bile duct injury is a dreaded complication and is associated with serious long-term morbidity.


Three hundred patients with postcholecystectomy benign biliary strictures were managed from January 1989 to February 2004 at a tertiary care unit in northern India. Demographic data, clinical presentation, and immediate- and long-term results of surgical repair are analyzed from a prospective database.


The time from cholecystectomy (open, n = 262; laparoscopic, n = 38) to stricture repair ranged from 0.2 to 360 (median 7) months. Thirty-six patients (12%) had prior stricture repair. Bismuth classification of the bile duct strictures was 32 type I, 113 type II, 126 type III, 18 type IV, and 11 type V. Two hundred and ninety-two patients (97%) underwent repair by a Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy. One hundred patients (33.3%) had postoperative morbidity following stricture repair. Four patients (1.3%) died during the postoperative period. Of the 149 patients with a minimum available follow-up period of 5 years (mean 9.5, median 9.4 years; range 5-15.4 years), 134 (90%) had an excellent outcome (grade A, n = 122; grade B, n = 12); only 8 patients (5.4%) had a poor outcome.


Excellent long-term outcomes with minimal morbidity and mortality can be achieved in the subgroup of benign biliary strictures managed in dedicated units with meticulous attention to the central tenets of biliary surgery.

Copyright 2006 S. Karger AG, Basel.

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