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Clin Liver Dis. 2006 Nov;10(4):753-71.

HCV immunopathogenesis: virus-induced strategies against host immunity.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 364 Plantation Street, LRB 215, Worcester, MA 01605-2324, USA.


Worldwide more than 170 million people are chronically infected with the hepatitis C virus (HCV), which is a frequent cause of chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma. Unlike infection with other hepatotropic viruses, only a small percentage of acute HCV infections are cleared, and most infected individuals develop lifelong HCV infection in the absence of efficient treatment. It is believed that both viral and host factors contribute to the inability of the host immune system to clear the initial infection and lead to the high propensity of chronic HCV infection.

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