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Nano Lett. 2006 Dec;6(12):2690-5.

Design and tailoring of the nanotubular arrayed architecture of hydrous RuO2 for next generation supercapacitors.

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  • 1Laboratory of Electrochemistry and Advanced Materials, Department of Chemical Engineering, National Chung Cheng University, 168 University Road, Min-Hsiung, Chia-Yi 621, Taiwan.


By use of the membrane-templated synthesis route, hydrous RuO2 (RuO2.xH2O) nanotubular arrayed electrodes were successfully synthesized by means of the anodic deposition technique. The desired three-dimensional mesoporous architecture of RuO2.xH2O nanotubular arrayed electrodes with annealing in air at 200 degrees C for 2 h simultaneously maintained the facility of electrolyte penetration, the ease of proton exchange/diffusion, and the metallic conductivity of crystalline RuO2, exhibiting unexpectedly ultrahigh power characteristics with its frequency "knee" reaching ca. 4.0-7.8 kHz, 20-40 times better than that of RuO2 single crystalline, arrayed nanorods. The specific power and specific energy of annealed RuO2.xH2O nanotubes measured at 0.8 V and 4 kHz is equal to 4320 kW kg-1 and 7.5 W h kg-1, respectively, demonstrating the characteristics of next generation supercapacitors.

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