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Minim Invasive Neurosurg. 2006 Oct;49(5):276-81.

Review of radiosurgery of pineal parenchymal tumors. Long survival following 125-iodine brachytherapy of pineoblastomas in 2 cases.

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  • 1St. John's Hospital Department of Neurosurgery, Budapest, Hungary. h1249jul@ellaa.hu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of the present work is to report the volumetric changes of tumor in two pineoblastoma patients treated with stereotactic interstitial irradiation and to present a review on radiosurgery of pineal parenchymal tumors.

METHODS:

Two of our patients with pineoblastoma were treated with CT and image-fusion guided 125-iodine brachytherapy. The tumor volumes were determined with outlined contours on planning and control CT/MRI images and were compared.

RESULTS:

Until January 2006, there were 61- and 58-month follow-up periods in the two cases. 56 and 53 months after irradiation the MRI images showed significant tumor shrinkage. In case 1 tumor volume was 0.76 cm (3) on the last control MRI image, compared to the 2.87 cm (3) at the time of interstitial irradiation, which means 73% shrinkage. In case 2, tumor volume measured with the last control MRI examination was 0.29 cm (3), which represents 77% shrinkage of the original tumor volume. In both Cases 1 and 2, PET examinations using (11)C-methionine showed no active tumor mass 56 and 53 months following brachytherapy.

CONCLUSION:

Two successful treatments of pineoblastoma are reported. The interstitial irradiation of the tumors decreased their volumes significantly. The CT and image fusion-guided 125-iodine stereotactic brachytherapy can be planned well dosimetrically and is surgically precise.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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