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Toxicol Pathol. 2006;34(6):795-801.

Optimal sampling of rat liver tissue for toxicogenomic studies.

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  • 1Laboratory of Experimental Pathology, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709, USA. foley1@niehs.nih.gov


Different degrees of a toxic response between and within the various lobes of the liver have been observed in rodents following treatment with acetaminophen. This study was designed to compare 2 sampling methods of the rat liver for gene-expression analysis. Ten male Fischer 344/N rats, 12-14 weeks of age, were treated with vehicle (0.5% aqueous ethyl cellulose) or acetaminophen (APAP, 1500 mg/kg) and sacrificed 24 hours following dose administration. Two representative sections were collected from the left liver lobe, stained with hematoxylin and eosin (H&E), and evaluated independently by 2 pathologists. The central core of the left lobe was cubed and frozen. Five random cubes were conserved, while the remaining left lobe core was pulverized. From each of the 10 animals, 2 random cubes and 2 samples from the homogeneous, pulverized samples were prepared for microarray analysis. Histopathologic evaluation revealed a variable response of centrilobular necrosis within the left lobe. Multiple methods used to analyze the microarray data indicated that sampling technique was not a major contributor to the variability observed in the gene expression data; however, only the powdered samples clustered for all animals, even those with disparate histopathologic results. Additionally, a powdered sample provided the advantages of a homogenous sample pool and the ability to use sample aliquots for other analyses to include proteomics, metabonomics, and other molecular techniques.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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