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J Urol. 2007 Jan;177(1):312-5.

Subureteral injection of dextranomer/hyaluronic acid copolymer for persistent vesicoureteral reflux following ureteroneocystostomy.

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  • 1Department of Pediatric Urology, Vanderbilt Children's Hospital, Nashville, Tennessee, USA.



We sought to evaluate the use of subureteral dextranomer/hyaluronic acid copolymer injection for persistent vesicoureteral reflux following ureteroneocystostomy.


We performed a retrospective review of patients who had undergone dextranomer/hyaluronic acid injection between 2002 and 2005 for persistent vesicoureteral reflux following ureteroneocystostomy. Analysis included evaluation of patient demographics, reflux grades, voiding dysfunction, reflux resolution rates and operative complications. Success was defined as no reflux on voiding cystourethrogram at 1 to 6 months postoperatively.


A total of 12 cases with 14 refluxing ureters were reviewed. Of the 12 patients treated 9 (10 ureters) had adequate followup. Mean followup was 10 months. Seven of 10 ureters (70%) demonstrated resolution of reflux after the initial injection. A second dextranomer/hyaluronic acid injection resulted in complete resolution in 2 of the 3 failed ureters (67%). Resolution in the remaining failed ureter could not be assessed due to insufficient patient followup. In children with adequate followup success was ultimately achieved in 9 of 9 ureters (100%) using up to 2 injections. A comparison of clinical factors between patients with success after the initial injection and those requiring 2 injections showed that the presence of persistent voiding dysfunction was the only parameter that was statistically significant. All patients tolerated the procedure without complications.


Considering the difficulties inherent in repeat surgery and the high success rate of dextranomer/hyaluronic acid injection in this series, this treatment is an appealing and reasonable option for patients with persistent vesicoureteral reflux following open ureteroneocystostomy.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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