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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2007 Jan 26;352(4):960-5. Epub 2006 Dec 6.

Dendritic cells post-maturation are reprogrammed with heightened IFN-gamma and IL-10.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, Immunology, Laboratory Medicine, University of Florida, USA.


Mature dendritic cells (mDCs) undergo "exhaustion" in producing cytokines. Nevertheless, whether this "exhaustion" of mDCs is selective to certain cytokines, or whether mDCs have specific cytokine-producing profiles has yet to be defined. Herein, we investigated the cytokine production in vitro by immature DCs (iDCs) and LPS-induced mDCs. Compared to iDCs, mDCs produced comparable levels of IL-6 and TNF-alpha. Strikingly, mDCs produced significantly higher IFN-gamma and IL-10. IL-12 production of mDCs was suppressed. Kinetic studies of the responses of iDCs and mDCs to LPS or CD40L showed that mDCs acquired progressively heightened activity in producing IFN-gamma and IL-10. TNF-alpha-, IL-6-producing capability of mDCs was maintained. Nevertheless, IL-12 production by mDCs was not recovered at any time point. Mature DCs were potent in priming both Th1 and Th2 cells. In conclusion, upon maturation, DCs are reprogrammed with a distinct cytokine-secreting profile, which may play an important role in regulating T cell functions.

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