Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Genetics. 2007 Jan;175(1):77-91. Epub 2006 Dec 6.

The sensitivity of yeast mutants to oleic acid implicates the peroxisome and other processes in membrane function.

Author information

  • 1Department of Biochemistry, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA.

Abstract

The peroxisome, sole site of beta-oxidation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, is known to be required for optimal growth in the presence of fatty acid. Screening of the haploid yeast deletion collection identified approximately 130 genes, 23 encoding peroxisomal proteins, necessary for normal growth on oleic acid. Oleate slightly enhances growth of wild-type yeast and inhibits growth of all strains identified by the screen. Nonperoxisomal processes, among them chromatin modification by H2AZ, Pol II mediator function, and cell-wall-associated activities, also prevent oleate toxicity. The most oleate-inhibited strains lack Sap190, a putative adaptor for the PP2A-type protein phosphatase Sit4 (which is also required for normal growth on oleate) and Ilm1, a protein of unknown function. Palmitoleate, the other main unsaturated fatty acid of Saccharomyces, fails to inhibit growth of the sap190delta, sit4delta, and ilm1delta strains. Data that suggest that oleate inhibition of the growth of a peroxisomal mutant is due to an increase in plasma membrane porosity are presented. We propose that yeast deficient in peroxisomal and other functions are sensitive to oleate perhaps because of an inability to effectively control the fatty acid composition of membrane phospholipids.

PMID:
17151231
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1774995
Free PMC Article

Images from this publication.See all images (8)Free text

F igure  1.—
F igure  2.—
F igure  3.—
F igure  4.—
F igure  5.—
F igure  6.—
F igure  7.—
F igure  8.—
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk