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Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2007 Feb;74(1):1-12. Epub 2006 Dec 5.

Increased diversification of polyhydroxyalkanoates by modification reactions for industrial and medical applications.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry, Zonguldak Karaelmas University, Zonguldak, 67100, Turkey. bhazer2@yahoo.com

Abstract

A wide range of diverse polyhydroxyalkanoates, PHAs, is currently available due to the low substrate specificity of PHA synthases and subsequent modifications by chemical reactions. These polymers are promising materials for a number of different applications due to their biocompatibility and biodegradability. This review summarizes the large variability of PHAs regarding chemical structure and material properties that can be currently produced. In the first part, in vivo and in vitro biosynthesis processes for production of a large variety of different PHAs will be summarized with regard to obtaining saturated and unsaturated copolyesters and side chain functionalized polyesters, including brominated, hydroxylated, methyl-branched polyesters, and phenyl derivatives of polyesters. In the second part, established chemical modifications of PHAs will be summarized as that by means of grafting reactions and graft/block copolymerizations, as well as by chlorination, cross-linking, epoxidation, hydroxylation, and carboxylation, reactions yield further functionalized PHAs.

PMID:
17146652
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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