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Pediatrics. 2007 Jan;119(1):e179-85. Epub 2006 Dec 4.

Antipolyribosyl ribitol phosphate response of premature infants to primary and booster vaccination with a combined diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis-hepatitis B-inactivated polio virus/Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine.

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  • 1Department of Neonatology, La Paz Hospital, Madrid, Spain.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Prematurity may be a risk factor for Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine failure. This article evaluates the Haemophilus influenzae type b immunogenicity of a hexavalent diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis-hepatitis B-inactivated poliovirus/Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine in preterm infants (< 37 weeks' gestation).

METHODS:

This was an open-label, parallel group study. Preterm (N = 94) and term infants (N = 92) received 3 doses of a diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis-hepatitis B-inactivated poliovirus/Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine at 2, 4, and 6 months with a booster dose at 18 to 20 months. Antipolyribosyl ribitol phosphate antibody concentrations were determined in serum samples taken before and 1 month after primary and booster vaccination.

RESULTS:

Postprimary seroprotection rates (antipolyribosyl ribitol phosphate > or = 0.15 microg/mL) were lower in preterm than in term infants (92.5% vs 97.8%), with antipolyribosyl ribitol phosphate geometric mean concentrations of 2.241 vs 4.247 microg/mL. A progressive reduction in immune response to the Haemophilus influenzae type b antigen was observed with decreasing length of gestation and decreasing birth weight when cutoff > or = 1 microg/mL was considered. Prebooster seroprotection rates and antipolyribosyl ribitol phosphate geometric mean concentrations were low in both groups (antipolyribosyl ribitol phosphate > or = 1.0 microg/mL in 10.7% of preterm and 28.4% of term infants). A vigorous response to booster vaccination was seen in both groups, with no differences in postbooster seroprotection rates or antipolyribosyl ribitol phosphate geometric mean concentrations between the 2 groups (antipolyribosyl ribitol phosphate > or = 1.0 microg/mL in 100% of preterm and 98.5% of term infants).

CONCLUSIONS:

Primary vaccination with a hexavalent diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis-hepatitis B-inactivated poliovirus/Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine at 2, 4, and 6 months with a booster dose at 18 to 20 months elicits a satisfactory antipolyribosyl ribitol phosphate response in preterm infants compared with term controls. Immunologic response decreased with decreased gestational age and birth weight.

PMID:
17145903
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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