Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Hypertens. 2007 Jan;25(1):217-26.

Renin inhibition with aliskiren provides additive antihypertensive efficacy when used in combination with hydrochlorothiazide.

Author information

  • 1Fundapres, Las-Heras 2910-Piso 1A, Buenos Aires, Argentina. asvillamil@intramed.net

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Aliskiren is a novel, orally active renin inhibitor. Its antihypertensive efficacy and safety, alone and in combination with hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ), were investigated in an 8-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in hypertensive patients. The effects of these treatments on plasma renin activity (PRA) were also assessed.

METHODS:

A total of 2776 patients aged >or=18 years with mean sitting diastolic blood pressure (MSDBP) 95-109 mmHg were randomized to receive once-daily treatment with aliskiren (75, 150 or 300 mg), HCTZ (6.25, 12.5 or 25 mg), the combination of aliskiren and HCTZ, or placebo, in a factorial design. The primary endpoint was the change in MSDBP from baseline to week 8. PRA was assessed at these timepoints at selected study centers.

RESULTS:

Aliskiren monotherapy was superior to placebo (P < 0.001; overall Dunnett's test) in reducing MSDBP and mean sitting systolic blood pressure (MSSBP). Combination treatment was superior to both component monotherapies in reducing BP (maximum MSSBP/MSDBP reduction of 21.2/14.3 mmHg from baseline with aliskiren/HCTZ 300/25 mg), and resulted in more responders (patients with MSDBP < 90 mmHg and/or >or=10 mmHg reduction) and better control rates (patients achieving MSSBP/MSDBP < 140/90 mmHg) than either monotherapy. Aliskiren monotherapy reduced PRA by up to 65% from baseline. Although HCTZ monotherapy increased PRA by up to 72%, PRA decreased in all of the combination therapy groups. All active treatments were well tolerated.

CONCLUSIONS:

Aliskiren monotherapy demonstrated significant BP lowering, and its effect was considerably greater when combined with HCTZ. Renin inhibition with aliskiren neutralized the compensatory rise in PRA induced by HCTZ.

PMID:
17143194
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk