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Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol. 2007 Feb;146(2):166-71. Epub 2006 Oct 21.

Cloning and expression of PDK4, FOXO1A and DYRK1A from the hibernating greater horseshoe bat (Rhinolophus ferrumequinum).

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  • 1Guangzhou Institute of Biomedicine and Health, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou, PR China.


Pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase isoenzyme 4 (PDK4) cDNA was cloned from the brain of greater horseshoe bat (Rhinolophus ferrumequinum). The deduced amino acid sequence shares strong homology with these PDK4 of other mammals. Moreover, we partially cloned homologues of dual-specificity tyrosine-phosphorylated and regulated protein kinase 1A (DYRK1A), and forkhead box protein O1A (FOXO1A) from greater horseshoe bat. Among five different tissues tested, PDK4 mRNA was highly expressed in the heart, white adipose tissue and muscle, but weakly expressed in the brain and liver, while DYRK1A and FOXO1A were expressed in all five tissues. Moreover, the transcript levels of PDK4, DYRK1A, and FOXO1A were measured in the heart, white adipose tissue and muscle of hibernating and arousal greater horseshoe bats by Northern blot and real time PCR. The results showed that transcript level of PDK4 was significantly higher in white adipose tissue. Expression level of DYRK1A was significantly higher in hibernating state in white adipose tissue, and expression level of FOXO1A was significantly higher in muscle in aroused state. These results suggest that up-regulation of the transcript levels of PDK4 during hibernation were not regulated via DYRK1A and FOXO1A in white adipose tissue and muscle, and the possible presence of another isoenzyme of PDK which is responsible for the tissue-specific regulation of Pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDC) activity in the bat heart during hibernation.

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