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Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2007 Feb;27(2):373-9. Epub 2006 Nov 30.

Ccr5 but not Ccr1 deficiency reduces development of diet-induced atherosclerosis in mice.

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  • 1Division of Cardiology, Foundation for Medical Research, Faculty of Medicine, Geneva University Hospital, Geneva, Switzerland.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Chemokines and their receptors are crucially involved in the development of atherosclerotic lesions by directing monocyte and T cell recruitment. The CC-chemokine receptors 1 (CCR1) and 5 (CCR5) expressed on these cells bind chemokines implicated in atherosclerosis, namely CCL5/RANTES. Although general blockade of CCL5 receptors reduces atherosclerosis, specific roles of CCR1 and CCR5 have not been unequivocally determined.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

We provide two independent lines of investigation to dissect the effects of Ccr1 and Ccr5 deletion in apolipoprotein E-deficient (ApoE-/-) mice in a collaboration between Aachen/Germany and Geneva/Switzerland. Different strains of ApoE-/- Ccr5-/- mice, ApoE-/- Ccr1-/- mice or respective littermates, were fed a high-fat diet for 10 to 12 weeks. Plaque areas were quantified in the aortic roots and thoracoabdominal aortas. Concordantly, both laboratories found that lesion formation was reduced in ApoE-/- Ccr5-/- mice. Plaque quality and immune cells were assessed by immunohistochemistry or mRNA analysis. Whereas lesional macrophage content, aortic CD4, and Th1-related Tim3 expression were reduced, smooth muscle cell (SMC) content and expression of interleukin-10 in plaques, lesional SMCs, and splenocytes were elevated. Protection against lesion formation by Ccr5 deficiency was sustained over 22 weeks of high-fat diet or over 26 weeks of chow diet. Conversely, plaque area, T cell, and interferon-gamma content were increased in ApoE-/- Ccr1-/- mice.

CONCLUSIONS:

Genetic deletion of Ccr5 but not Ccr1 in ApoE-/- mice protects from diet-induced atherosclerosis, associated with a more stable plaque phenotype, reduced mononuclear cell infiltration, Th1-type immune responses, and increased interleukin-10 expression. This corroborates CCR5 as a promising therapeutic target.

PMID:
17138939
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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