Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Indian J Biochem Biophys. 2006 Oct;43(5):267-74.

Hypolactasia as a molecular basis of lactose intolerance.

Author information

  • 1Department of Biochemistry, Panjab University, Chandigarh 160 014, India.

Abstract

Lactase-phlorizin hydrolase (LPH), a membrane-bound glycoprotein present in the luminal surface of enterocytes in the intestine is responsible for lactose intolerance, a phenomenon prevalent in humans worldwide. In the rodent intestine, the post-natal development of the LPH follows a specific pattern, such that the enzyme levels are high in the peri-natal period, but declines considerably upon maturation. The observed maturational decline in the LPH activity is very similar to adult-type hypolactasia observed in humans. Majority of the studies have been carried out using animal models or cell lines and a number of hypotheses have been put forward to explain the maturational decline of lactase activity such as: (a) decreased amount of lactase protein, (b) defect in post-translational modification of precursor lactase to the mature enzyme, and (c) synthesis of an inactive, high molecular weight lactase with altered glycosylation, however, the precise underlying mechanism of adult-type hypolactasia remains undefined. The present review describes the recent developments in understanding the regulation of lactase expression and the possible mechanism of adult-type hypolactasia, as a cause of lactose intolerance.

PMID:
17133732
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk