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Clin Geriatr Med. 2007 Feb;23(1):123-39.

Heart-failure-complicating acute myocardial infarction.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Westchester Medical Center, New York Medical College, Macy Pavilion, Room 138, Valhalla, NY 10595, USA. WSAronow@aol.com


This article addresses issues related to acute myocardial infarction(MI) complicated by heart failure, particularly in elderly patients. Findings have shown that acute MI complicated by congestive heart failure (CHF) is associated with a high mortality, and that women with acute MI are more likely to be older and to develop CHF than men with acute MI. In general, management of CHF-complicating acute MI is similar in older and younger patients. Actions discussed include hemodynamic monitoring; the administration of oxygen; and the use of morphine, diuretics, nitroglycerin,angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin II receptor blockers, spironolactone, beta-blockers, calcium channel blockers, magnesium, digoxin, and positive inotropic drugs. The article also discusses measures for treating arrhythmias and for diagnosing mechanical complications.

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