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Int Orthop. 2007 Oct;31(5):605-11. Epub 2006 Nov 23.

Effects of rhBMP-2 on cortical strut allograft healing to the femur in revision total hip arthroplasties: an experimental study.

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  • 1Department of Orthopaedics, 2nd Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, PR China.


We have studied the effects of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) on cortical strut allograft healing and remodelling in revision hip arthroplasty. Thirty adult New Zealand rabbits underwent bilateral onlay allograft strut procedures to the femur using wires. The left femur (experimental side) received the rhBMP-2 device (1.0-mg rhBMP-2/gelatin composites) interposed between the allograft and host bone, while the right side was grafted with an allograft strut as the control. The femurs and implants were retrieved at 4, 6, and 8 weeks postoperatively. The healing of cortical strut grafts to the femur was enhanced dramatically by the addition of the rhBMP-2 device in radiographic examination, contact radiographic examination, non-decalcification sections, fluorescence tag, and computer-aided image analysis. The remodelling of cortical strut allograft was also accelerated. The new bone formation ratio and radiographic scores of the experimental side were also much higher than the control side at all times. Strut healing with the rhBMP-2 device at 4 weeks postoperatively was superior to the healing in control sides at 8 weeks. Our findings showed that the rhBMP-2 device improved and accelerated the course of cortical strut allograft healing and remodelling with host bone.

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