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Bone Marrow Transplant. 2007 Jan;39(1):31-9. Epub 2006 Nov 20.

Short-term methotrexate could reduce early immune reactions and improve outcomes in umbilical cord blood transplantation for adults.

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  • 1Department of Hematology, Toyohashi Municipal Hospital, Toyohashi, Japan. narimt54@med.nagoya-u.ac.jp

Abstract

Post transplant immune disorders are problematic in cord blood transplantation (CBT) for adult patients, and optimal prophylaxis has not been established. We investigated whether intensive graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis using short-term methotrexate (MTX) has a prognostic impact on CBT. Post-CBT immune reactions were classified according to time course as pre-engraftment immune reaction (PIR), engraftment syndrome (ES) or acute GVHD. Between March 2001 and November 2005, a total of 77 patients underwent CBT at eight transplantation centers. Median age was 48 years (range, 18-69 years). Preparative regimens comprised myeloablative (n=31) or reduced-intensity (n=46). Acute GVHD prophylaxis included cyclosporine alone (n=23), tacrolimus alone (n=12), cyclosporine plus MTX (n=17), tacrolimus plus short-term MTX (n=23) or cyclosporine plus methylprednisolone (n=2). Cumulative incidences of PIR, ES and grade II-IV GVHD were 36, 12 and 23%, respectively. Short-term MTX exerted significant favorable effects on post-CBT immune reactions (hazard ratio, 0.55; 95% confidence interval (95% CI), 0.31-0.98; P=0.04) in multivariate analysis. Overall survival rates for patients with and without short-term MTX at day 180 were 59% (95% CI, 42-73%) and 16% (95% CI, 6.6-30%) (P=0.0001), respectively. Short-term MTX could offer one optimal regimen to reduce immune reactions and improve outcomes in CBT.

PMID:
17115066
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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