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Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 2006 Aug-Sep;84(8-9):935-41.

Effects of triiodo-thyronine on angiotensin-induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy: reversal of increased beta-myosin heavy chain gene expression.

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  • 1Department of Pathophysiology, School of Medicine, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430071, P.R. China.


Thyroid hormone-induced cardiac hypertrophy is similar to that observed in physiological hypertrophy, which is associated with high cardiac contractility and increased alpha-myosin heavy chain (alpha-MHC, the high ATPase activity isoform) expression. In contrast, angiotensin II (Ang II) induces an increase in myocardial mass with a compromised contractility accompanied by a shift from alpha-MHC to the fetal isoform beta-MHC (the low ATPase activity isoform), which is considered as a pathological hypertrophy and inevitably leads to the development of heart failure. The present study is designed to assess the effect of thyroid hormone on angiotensin II-induced hypertrophic growth of cardiomyocytes in vitro. Cardiomyocytes were prepared from hearts of neonatal Wistar rats. The effects of Ang II and 3,3',5-triiodo-thyronine (T3) on incorporations of [3H]-thymine and [3H]-leucine, MHC isoform mRNA expression, PKC activity, and PKC isoform protein expression were studied. Ang II enhanced [3H]-leucine incorporation, beta-MHC mRNA expression, PKC activity, and PKCepsilon expression and inhibited alpha-MHC mRNA expression in cardiomyocytes. T3 treatment prevented Ang II-induced increases in PKC activity, PKCepsilon, and beta-MHC mRNA overexpression and favored alpha-MHC mRNA expression. Thyroid hormone appears to be able to reprogram gene expression in Ang II-induced cardiac hypertrophy, and a PKC signal pathway may be involved in such remodeling process.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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